Category Archives: pregnancy blog

How to Relieve Gas and Constipation during Pregnancy

During pregnancy, many women experience changes in their digestive system, which can lead to symptoms like gas and constipation. These issues are quite common and are usually caused by a combination of hormonal changes, physical changes in the body, and lifestyle factors.

First check what are causes and then check out the ways of gas and constipation relief during pregnancy. Continue reading

What Happens to Your Body during Ovulation

Ovulation is a crucial process in a woman’s menstrual cycle that plays a pivotal role in achieving pregnancy. It marks the release of a mature egg from the ovary, making it available for fertilization by sperm. Understanding ovulation is essential for couples trying to conceive and can greatly increase their chances of success.

What is Ovulation?

Ovulation is a natural, cyclical event that occurs in the ovaries of a woman of reproductive age. Typically happening around the middle of the menstrual cycle, ovulation involves the release of a mature egg from one of the ovaries into the fallopian tube. Once released, the egg remains viable for fertilization for about 12 to 24 hours.

Ovulation Timing:

The timing of ovulation is crucial for achieving pregnancy. In an average 28-day menstrual cycle, ovulation usually occurs around day 14. However, cycles can vary in length, making it essential to track your own cycle to determine your ovulation window. This can be done using methods such as tracking basal body temperature, cervical mucus changes, and ovulation predictor kits.

Hormonal Regulation:

Ovulation is regulated by complex hormonal interactions within the body. The primary hormones involved are:

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH): Released by the pituitary gland, FSH stimulates the growth and development of follicles in the ovaries, each containing an immature egg.

Luteinizing Hormone (LH): A surge in LH triggers the final maturation of the dominant follicle and prompts the release of the mature egg from the ovary. This surge is often used as a reliable predictor of impending ovulation.

The Ovulatory Phase:

The ovulatory phase is relatively short and involves several key events:

Follicular Rupture: As the dominant follicle reaches maturity, it releases the mature egg from the ovary. This process is known as follicular rupture.

Egg Release: Once released, the egg is swept into the fallopian tube by the fimbriae, tiny finger-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes.

Fertilization Window: The egg remains viable for fertilization for a brief period of about 12 to 24 hours. Sperm can survive in the female reproductive tract for up to five days, creating a fertile window of about six days, including the day of ovulation.

Signs and Symptoms of Ovulation:

While not all women experience noticeable signs of ovulation, many do exhibit some common physical and physiological changes during this phase of their menstrual cycle. These signs and symptoms can serve as indicators that ovulation is occurring:

Changes in Cervical Mucus:

One of the most reliable signs of ovulation is changes in cervical mucus. As ovulation approaches, cervical mucus becomes clearer, thinner, and more slippery, resembling the texture of egg whites. This fertile cervical mucus facilitates the movement of sperm through the reproductive tract.

Increase in Basal Body Temperature:

Tracking basal body temperature (BBT) can help pinpoint ovulation. After ovulation, there’s a slight increase in BBT, typically around 0.5 to 1 degree Fahrenheit. This rise is caused by the hormone progesterone, which is released after ovulation and prepares the uterus for potential pregnancy.

Ovulation Pain (Mittelschmerz):

Some women experience a mild twinge or pain on one side of the lower abdomen, known as mittelschmerz. This pain is thought to occur due to the follicle’s rupture as the egg is released from the ovary. However, not all women experience this symptom.

Breast Tenderness:

Hormonal changes associated with ovulation can lead to breast tenderness or sensitivity. This symptom is often similar to what some women experience before their periods.

Increased Libido:

Some women may notice a surge in sexual desire around the time of ovulation. This heightened libido is believed to be influenced by hormonal changes.

Cervical Position Changes:

The cervix undergoes subtle changes during the menstrual cycle. Around ovulation, the cervix becomes softer, higher, and more open. These changes can be detected through self-examination.

Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Surge:

Ovulation is triggered by a surge in luteinizing hormone (LH). Many ovulation predictor kits (OPKs) detect this surge and can help predict when ovulation is likely to occur within the next 24-48 hours.

General Sense of Well-Being:

Some women report feeling more energetic, positive, or even having a heightened sense of smell during their fertile phase, which includes ovulation.


Recognizing the signs and symptoms of ovulation can empower couples trying to conceive with valuable information about the most fertile phase of the menstrual cycle. While not all signs may be experienced by every woman, a combination of methods such as tracking cervical mucus, BBT, and using ovulation predictor kits can help pinpoint the optimal time for intercourse to increase the chances of successful fertilization and pregnancy.

For more information for your pregnancy journey, visit pregnancyweekmonth.

what happens if i have an ectopic pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy is a potentially serious condition in which a fertilized egg implants and develops outside the uterus, typically in one of the fallopian tubes. This is an abnormal location for pregnancy and can cause complications for both the mother and the developing embryo. Ectopic pregnancies cannot be carried to term and require medical intervention.

Ectopic pregnancies usually occur when the fallopian tube is partially or fully blocked, preventing the fertilized egg from reaching the uterus. Some common causes and risk factors include:

Previous tubal surgery or pelvic surgeries
Inflammation or infection in the fallopian tubes
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Advanced maternal age
History of ectopic pregnancy
Use of assisted reproductive techniques (e.g., in vitro fertilization)

The signs and symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy may vary, and some women may not experience any symptoms initially. However, common indicators include:

Abdominal or pelvic pain, often on one side
Vaginal bleeding, usually lighter or different from a normal period
Shoulder pain, caused by internal bleeding irritating the diaphragm
Weakness, dizziness, or fainting (signs of internal bleeding)
Painful bowel movements or urination (in advanced cases)

Early detection and diagnosis of an ectopic pregnancy are crucial to prevent complications. Healthcare providers may perform several tests, including:

Pelvic exam: To check for any tenderness or abnormalities in the reproductive organs.
Transvaginal ultrasound: To visualize the location of the pregnancy and check for a gestational sac outside the uterus.

Blood tests: To measure the levels of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which are lower than expected in an ectopic pregnancy.

Ectopic pregnancies cannot be saved or moved to the uterus. The goal of treatment is to prevent rupture or further complications. The specific approach depends on several factors, including the woman’s health, the location and size of the ectopic pregnancy, and the presence of any complications. Treatment options include:

Medication: Methotrexate is a medication that stops the growth of the embryo and dissolves existing pregnancy tissue.

Surgery: In some cases, laparoscopic surgery or, rarely, open surgery may be necessary to remove the ectopic pregnancy and repair any damaged tissue.
Expectant management: In certain situations where the ectopic pregnancy is very small and hCG levels are low, close monitoring may be an option, as the pregnancy may resolve on its own.

Follow-up and Future Fertility:

After treatment, follow-up care is essential to ensure complete recovery and to monitor future fertility. It’s important to discuss with your healthcare provider when it’s safe to resume sexual activity and when to start trying to conceive again. Depending on the severity of the ectopic pregnancy and the treatment received, future fertility may be unaffected or may require additional medical assistance.

Remember, if you suspect you may have an ectopic pregnancy or are experiencing any concerning symptoms, it’s vital to seek medical attention promptly. A healthcare professional can provide an accurate diagnosis and guide you through the appropriate treatment options.

Everything You Need to Know About Miscarriage: Understanding, Coping, and Moving Forward

You all must be familiar with the term MISCARRIAGE and most probably know its meaning too. But for those of you who don’t, miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a pregnancy usually before the 20th week.  Technically, it is termed as ‘spontaneous abortion’. But it is quite different from the term ‘abortion’ as unlike abortion miscarriage is a naturally occurring event. Continue reading